1. a suffix of nouns denoting a state or condition, a quality or property, etc., as in error, terror.

2. an alternative of -our, as in color, odor, etc.
a suffix of nouns denoting someone who or something that does something, or has some particular function or office, as in actor, confessor, creditor, distributor, elevator, emperor, governor, juror, refractor, tailor, traitor. This suffix occurs chiefly in nouns originally Latin, or formed from Latin stems. In some cases it is used as an alternative or a substitute for -er1, especially in legal terms (often correlative with forms in -ee1) or with some other differentiation of use, as in assignor, grantor, lessor, sailor, survivor, vendor.

{Latin; in some cases replacing Middle English -our, from Anglo-French -(e)our (= French -eur), from Latin -or, -ātor, etc.}

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

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